The Herb Farm
Herb growers, speciality foods and traditional gifts for the home and garden
0118 972 4220  
 



HERB PLANT LIST

Below is a comprehensive list of commonly-stocked herb plants, with the six common herbs - Basil, Lavender, Marjoram, Mint, Rosemary and Thyme - presented first and in some detail. Please note that some varieties of herbs are only available at certain times of the year and others can be in short supply, so all the varieties listed below are subject to availability. For the best selection of plants, visit us during early summer.

Please call or visit and ask a member of staff if you require something that is not on the list and we will do our best to source it for you. To avoid disappointment, please ring us to check availability if you require something specific or are travelling a long distance to get to us.

As well as herb plants we sell a wide selection of herb and wildflower seeds, including some varieties that are not available from us as plants.

We regret we cannot supply mail order.


     Basil



This most popular herb will only grow well in this country during warm weather - it likes a steady 15 °C (60 °F) at all times to thrive

All varieties have highly-aromatic leaves

It is an annual plant and therefore should not be allowed to flower; pick off flower buds as they appear

It is probably best grown in a greenhouse or conservatory. Even a light windowsill indoors is often better than outside

Basil does not dry well so to preserve it for winter use place freshly-harvested leaves in a plastic bag directly in the freezer. They can also be preserved by storing them in a bottle of any culinary oil; olive, sesame, groundnut, etc. The leaves can be retrieved when required and the oil takes on the flavour of Basil, which is ideal for dressings

Varieties of Basil

Sweet or Genovese
Greek
Bush
Purple/Red
Purple Ruffles
Large leaved, most common type
Small leaved compact form
In between the above two
Deep maroon coloured foliage
Large purple leaves with crinkly appearance

Green Ruffles
Neopolitan
Cinnamon
Thai
As Purple Ruffles but green
Extra large leaves
Unusual flavour, small pointed leaves
Variety used in Far Eastern cookery


     Lavendar



There are many types of Lavender, all of which have highly aromatic foliage and flowers that attract bees and butterflies in mid summer

We have a wide range of varieties from English to French, dwarf to giant and in many shades of blue through to purple, pink, white, red and even green

Modern compact varieties are now the most popular types, more suited to smaller gardens than many of the older varieties that can grow quite large (3-4ft/90-120cm)

All types benefit from being pruned/trimmed occasionally, especially just after flowering to keep the bush compact and in good health

Flowers can be picked for drying as they come into bloom. Use the flowers as flavourings in the kitchen or dry for winter use in pot pourri or sachets

Lavender is a good moth deterrent

Varieties of Lavender

The dates after the description represents the year when the variety was bred

Hidcote
Munstead
Dwarf White
White
Rosea
French (various)
Grappenhall
Seal
Twinkle Purple
Old English
Grosso
Loddon Blue

15"
15"
9"
30"
24"
18"
30"
24"
12"
30"
30"
12"
Dark blue flowers, grey/green foliage. (1950)
Lavender blue flowers silver/grey foliage. (1916)
Smallest variety with short white flowers. (1938)
Tall growing white flowered form. (1880)
Pink flowers, grey/green foliage. (1937)
Especially aromatic with blue flower bracts.
Tall growing with silvery/grey foliage. (1902)
Old variety with long mauve flowers.
Compact, purple flowers, silver foliage. (1922)
Traditional English Lavender. (1930)
Large purple heads, used for oil production world wide. (1992)
Mid purple cylindrical flowers. (1959)


     Marjoram



Marjoram is also known as Oregano and confusion often arises since Oreganum is the Latin name for this family of plants while Marjoram is the English name

What has become known as Oregano in this country is simply Common (or Wild) Marjoram

There are many forms of the herb; the perennials all grow in clumps that slowly spread

The clumps produced by the perennial forms can be dug up and divided during the winter months

All types are very good bee and butterfly attracting plants and have flowers that range from white to deep pink

The herb has many culinary applications, especially in Italian recipes

Varieties of Marjoram

Oregano
Greek Oregano
Golden
Golden Curly
Herrenhausen
Dwarf
Sweet (Knotted)

12"
9"
12"
12"
18"
8"
12"
Green foliage and pale pink flowers
Strong flavour but not hardy
Bright yellow foliage and white flowers
As above with crinkly foliage
Decorative form with deep pink flowers
Low growing, green foliage with white flowers
Annual plant with good flavour, small white flowers


     Mint



There are a great many varieties of Mint. The plant cross-pollinates to produce new strains very easily and this can lead to confusion when trying to identify varieties, of which there are over 600!

All mints have strongly aromatic foliage and spreading root systems, some are very invasive

Most types die down in winter, then reappear the following spring

They are best grown in large pots, in mixed beds they can become a problem

It has been used in religious ceremonies, for flavouring and medicinally by many civilizations going back to the Ancients Greeks and Romans. In Greek mythology, Minthe was a nymph beloved of Pluto. She was changed into this fragrant plant after objections from his jealous wife

Varieties of Mint

Common (Spearmint)
Applemint
Pineapple
Peppermint
Eau de Cologne
Pennyroyal
Curly
Corsican

18"
30"
16"
18"
18"
6"
16"
1"
Garden Mint, used in mint sauce, etc
Hairy leaves, apple-scented, vigorous
Cream-edged-leaved variety similar to above
Dark foliage, purple flowers, used for tea
Citrus-scented dark foliage, used to scent the bath
Low spreading with bright green foliage
Attractive crinkly deep green foliage
Tiny spreading plant with peppermint scent


     Rosemary



Rosemary is an evergreen perennial which can be harvested all year round

All varieties of Rosemary have similar properties. They all have aromatic foliage and can be used in the kitchen for their flavour

Their differences are in their flower colour and growing characteristics and some need a little protection in severe winters

All flower early in the summer and prefer a sunny site in well-drained soil

Plants can get rather leggy if left unattended. They should be pruned occasionally when young to encourage a bushy compact habit and clipped after flowering when more mature to maintain plant vigour

Rosemary can be used fresh or dried for cooking, but it has more flavour when used freshly picked from the garden

Varieties of Rosemary

Common
Severn Sea
Prostrate
Miss Jessop's Upright
Marjorcan
Rosea
White
Blue Lagoon
Sudbury Blue

36"
12"
12"
36"
18"
24"
4'
18"
4.5'
Pale blue flowers, trim to keep compact
Spreading habit, dark blue flowers, tender
Spreading habit, pale blue flowers
Upright habit, pale blue flowers
Pink flowers, open habit, small leaves
Pink flowers, compact
Clear white flowers, bright green foliage
Deep blue flowers, compact growth
Mid blue flowers, bushy habit


     Thyme



There are literally hundreds of varieties of Thyme

They can be roughly grouped by their growing habits into three types; Low Creeping (C), Mound Forming (M) and Tall Upright (U) (see below)

Many have aromatic foliage and all have flowers in shades from white to deep pink

All will grow well in dry conditions and prefer a well drained soil

They can be grown successfully in a pot, in rockeries, or between paving slabs

In the kitchen there are really only two flavours that are used; those of ordinary thymes and lemon thymes

There are several different plants that can provide suitable foliage for these flavourings (see below)

Varieties of Thyme

Common
Lemon
Caraway
Orange
Doone Valley
Silver Posie
Silver Queen
E B Anderson
Bressingham Pink
Broad-Leaved
Snowdrift
Creeping Red
Redstart
Pink Ripple

15"
12"
3"
15"
9"
32"
12"
6"
3"
6"
2"
3"
4"
6"
U
M
C
U
M
U
U
M
C
M
C
C
C
M
Kitchen Thyme, grey-green foliage, woody
Kitchen Thyme, bright green foliage
Aromatic, dark green foliage
Orange-scented, pale pink flowers
Attractive yellow/green foliage
Silver/grey foliage, kitchen variety
As above with lemon scent
Bright yellow foliage, few flowers
Earliest flowering Thyme, pink flowers
Large leaved-kitchen variety, pink flowers
Dense, spreading, many white flowers
Deepest pink flowers of any Thyme
Spreading habit, large dark red flowers
Semi-prostrate bright golden foliage, large bright pink flowers

Alkanet
Alpine Strawberry
Angelica

Balm - Lemon and Variegated
Basil - see above
Bay
Betony
Borage - Blue, White and Perennial
Box - Dwarf and Variegated
Burnet - Salad

Catmint
Catnep
Chamomile - Single and Double-Flowered, Lawn
Chervil
Chicory
Chives - Common and Garlic
Chocolate Cosmos
Clary Sage
Coriander - Vietnamese
Comfrey - Common, Dwarf and Variegated
Cotton Lavender (Santolina) - Dwarf, Virens, Viridis,
     Small Ness and Lemon Queen
Cowslip
Curry Plant

Dill

Echinacea
Elecampane
Evening Primrose - Biennis and Missouriensis

Fennel - Green and Bronze
Feverfew - Green and Golden
Flax - Blue and White
Fritillary

Garlic
Pelargoniums, scented
Germander
Goatís Rue
Golden Hops

Heartsease
Horseradish
Houseleeks
Hyssop - Blue, Pink, White and Rock

Indian Mint

Lady's Mantle
Lavender - see above
Lemon Grass
Lemon Verbena
Limanthes (Poached Egg Plant)
Lovage
Mace
Marigold - Pot
Marjoram - see above
Milk Thistle
Mint - see above

Nasturtium

Olives
Oregano - Golden, Greek and County Cream

Parsley - Curly and Plain-Leaved
Pasque Flower - Purple, Red and White
Pennyroyal
Pinks - Cheddar, Maiden and Clove
Pokeroot
Primrose
Purple Loosestrife

Red Orach
Red Perilla
Red Valerian (Centranthus)
Rocket - Salad and Wild
Rock Peppermint (Corsican Mint)
Rock Rose
Rosemary - see above

Sage - Common, Purple, Golden, Tricolour, Pineapple,
     Tangerine and Blackcurrant
Savory - Creeping and Winter
Soapwort
Sorrel - French and Broad-Leaved
Sweet Cicely

Tansy - Curled and Plain
Tarragon - French
Thrift
Thyme - see above
Tree Onion

Valerian
Vervian
Violet - Sweet
Viperís Bugloss

Welsh Onion
Wild Strawberry (Yellow-Fruited)
Wild Wallflower
Woad
Woodruff - Sweet
Wormwood
© Copyright 2012, The Herb Farm All rights reserved